Holiday Traveller

What is Polio Vaccination?

Polio is a potentially serious viral illness that is spread through contact with infected faeces or saliva. There are 3 types of wild polio virus – WPV 1, 2 & 3 – all can cause disease.

While many infections pass without symptoms or as a mild flu-like illness, severe disease occurs in one in 200 cases and these individuals will suffer irreversible paralysis of legs (most commonly), arms or even the diaphragm. In the last instance, the paralysis of breathing muscles results in death in 5-10% of cases.

Many polio infections produce no symptoms. The incubation period is anywhere from 3 days to 3 weeks and if early symptoms occur, they include fever, headache, vomiting, tiredness, neck stiffness and limb pain, with or without paralysis.

 The most severe type of polio is known as ‘paralytic polio’ and can result in paralysis in the arms, legs or diaphragm (which controls breathing).

Where is it found?

In the past 25 years, a global campaign to stamp out polio has been underway and now only 3 countries remain endemic: Nigeria, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Importation into other countries previously free of poliodoes occur with some frequency, such as Botswana, Burkina Faso, Benin, Burma, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Indonesia, Kenya, Sudan, Togo.

Risk to travellers

The risk to travellers is generally low. 

Travelvax recommends vaccination be considered for travellers who:

Vaccination is recommended for travel to affected regions. Australian children are vaccinated against Polio as part of the standard immunisation schedule and the last dose is given at~ 4 years of age. In adults, a booster to the childhood series is recommended every 10 years, if at risk.

Polio Vaccination

What is Polio Vaccination?

Vaccination

 Adults:

  • Inactivated viral vaccine (IPOL)
  • Inactivated vaccine in combination with Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis (Adacel Polio/Boostrix IPV)

Children:

  • Inactivated viral vaccine (IPOL)
  • Inactivated vaccine in combination with Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis and others (Infanrix Hexa, Infanrix IPV, Infanrix Penta, Pediacel, Quadracel).

Schedule

Primary series is given from 6-8 weeks of age. 3 doses are administered at least 4 weeks apart with a booster at 4 years of age.

Boosters are administered every10 years for travellers at risk, such as travelling to polio endemic or epidemic countries, as well as healthcare workers, laboratory workers who may come in contact with poliomyelitis cases.

Level of protection

  • Over 95%

Possible Side effects

  •  Pain, redness or swelling at injection site occur in 10-15% of individuals but resolve in 3 days
  • In young babies, decreased appetite, fever and crying. 

More information on Polio is available during your pre-travel consultation with Travelvax.

Call 1300 360 164 for the location of the clinic nearest to you.