Vaccinations for Nicaragua

Health Risks Disclaimer

The following information is intended as a guide only and is not intended to replace professional medical advice.

We, at Sonic HealthPlus, trading as Travelvax and our related companies, cannot guarantee that the following information is complete, up-to-date, accurate or error free. You therefore view the following information at your own risk.

You should obtain specific travel health advice in relation to your individual needs and your intended travel, including advice on vaccinations, anti-malarial and other medications based on your past vaccination history, your present medical condition and your intended itinerary.

Our staff at travelvax.com.au are trained in the medical travel health area and are able to advise you on your specific individual needs. Please feel free to contact us on 1300 360 164 for assistance.

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About Nicaragua Vaccinations

Nicaragua is a developing Central American country bordered the Caribbean Sea, the Pacific Ocean, Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. A tropical climate provides hot weather throughout the year, with rains from May to October. The north-east Trade winds bring more rain to the Caribbean coast each year, while the capital Managua, which is located in the central plains, experiences very little rain during the dry season (December to April). 

Overall Risk
High Risk - Preventable disease is much more common than in Australia. Consult a Travelvax clinic for your specific risk.
Malaria Risk
Malaria is present, whether or not anti-malarial medications are recommended will need to be discussed with a medical practitioner. Consult a Travelvax clinic for long stays or significant level of outdoor activities.

Travel Health Alerts

Vaccine Preventable Diseases

Yellow Fever

A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required for travellers aged 1 year or over arriving from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission.

Travelvax has doctors that specialise in Yellow Fever. Click here to learn more about Yellow Fever.

Hepatitis A

Moderate risk to travellers, vaccination recommended. Click here to learn more about the Hepatitis A vaccination.

Hepatitis B

Low presence of Hepatitis B in local population, discuss whether vaccination would be recommended with a medical practitioner . Vaccination is recommended for specific high-risk travellers (sport/adventure/occupational/sexual). Consult a medical practitioner for your specific risk. Click here to learn more about the Hepatitis B vaccination.

Typhoid

Moderate risk for most travellers. Vaccination recommended for travel to smaller cities, villages and rural areas outside usual tourist routes. Some medical conditions pre-dispose to infection; whether vaccinations would be recommended should be discussed with a medical practitioner. Consult a medical practitioner for your specific risk. To learn more about Typhoid and the available vaccinations, click here.

Influenza

Year round risk present. Most common vaccine preventable illness in travellers. Vaccine recommended, effective for 1 year. To learn more about the Influenza virus, click here.

Rabies

Disease present. Recommendation for vaccination will depend on specific itinerary and activities planned. Generally rabies vaccination is advised for high risk individuals such as veterinarians or animal handlers, cavers. Additionally for higher risk travellers who plan: extended periods outdoors, rural travel, adventurous activities including bicycling; also expats or long-term travellers to endemic regions and children (risk of more severe or risk-prone bites and may not report contact at all). Click here to learn more about rabies.

Japanese Encephalitis

No risk to travellers.

Polio

No risk to travellers.

Tickborne Encephalitis

No risk to travellers.

Meningococcal Meningitis

Low risk to travellers.

Cholera

No risk to travellers.

Other Diseases

Travellers Diarrhoea

High risk. Travellers' Diarrhoea affects 20-60% of overseas travellers, food and water precautions are essential. Self-treatment medications may be recommended.

Insect-borne Diseases

Diseases such as Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika may be present. Seasonal risk will vary by country. Whether preventive measures will be recommended will depend on itinerary, length of stay, type of travel etc. and needs to be discussed with a medical practitioner. For those countries with disease present, risk is highest in urban and semi-urban areas, but may also occur in rural areas; insect avoidance measures are highly recommended all year round. Travelvax believes that the best defence is to understand their habits, dress properly and use an effective insect repellent in the correct manner. Consult a medical practitioner for your specific risk.

Schistosomiasis

No risk to travellers.

STIs

Sexually transmitted and blood-borne diseases occur. The risk to travellers can be greatly reduced by practising safe sex with any new partner. All travellers should carry condoms. Blood borne diseases (HIV, Hepatitis B & C) can be spread by blood transfusion, tattooing, body piercing or non-sterile needles. Travellers in high risk groups should carry sterile needles (see also Medical Care). Understand the symptoms and how to prevent STIs here.

Altitude

Altitude illness is a risk to travellers ascending higher than 2000 meters. Preventative medication is available. Consult a medical practitioner if ascending to 2000 metres or above. Click here to learn more about Altitude illness.

Additional Information

Personal Safety

In order to check before and during travel for any high-risk areas visit the Smartraveller website. Avoid unnecessary displays of wealth or valuables and minimise the amounts of cash carried. Keep secure records of passport/credit card/licence numbers. For more safety tips visit: www.smartraveller.gov.au.

Medical Care

Comprehensive medical facilities available only in the major population centres and/or specific private clinics. Sterile surgical products (syringes/needles/sutures) are not always available. Check for any contacts supplied by your emergency assistance organisation (nominated by your travel insurer) or with IAMAT (International Association of Medical Assistance for Travellers).

First Aid Kits & Accessories

Always carry an advanced first aid kit, including needles and syringes (shortages of sterile equipment are common). A prescription kit (containing treatments for travellers' diarrhoea) is essential. A mosquito net and insect repellent (containing DEET, Citriodiol or Picaridin) are highly recommended, even if anti-malarials are taken.

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