Holiday Traveller

What is Typhoid Vaccination?

Typhoid fever is an infection caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria.  It is a bacterial infection that spreads through the bloodstream and intestinal tract. Once universally prevalent, improved sanitation and higher standards of hygiene has meant it is now only common in less developed regions. Typhoid is curable and can be treated with appropriate antibiotics. Typhoid immunisation is crucial for those travelling to developing countries.

What are the symptoms?

The disease causes fever, headaches, fatigue and constipation (although diarrhoea may also occur). Symptoms may last for 3 weeks or longer. Some patients have only a mild illness, but the disease can occasionally be fatal if not treated. Others may be asymptomatic, although they may carry the typhoid organism long-term and are capable of transmitting the infection. Some 5% of people suffering typhoid become chronic carriers.

Where is it found?

Typhoid is a public health concern in developing countries worldwide. Prevalence is high throughout Asia, Africa and South America. A reported 28 million people are affected globally each year, while remaining rare in Australia. However, 50 to 80 infected Australians are reported every year, making immunisation still very important.

Risk to travellers

Typhoid is transmitted by food and water that has been contaminated with faecal material from persons who either have the disease or are carriers.

The risk of infection increases for those with one or more of the following risk factors:

  • prolonged travel (over 2 weeks).
  • travel to rural areas.
  • living in conditions with poor sanitation.
  • adventurous eating habits.
  • some medical conditions, such as lowered gastric defences

How can I stay protected while travelling?

Travelvax urges individuals travelling to developing countries to be vaccinated against typhoid to prevent the transmission of this disease. Our typhoid vaccination process is as follows:

 

Typhoid Vaccination

What is Typhoid Vaccination?

Vaccination

Type

  • Oral live-attenuated vaccine (Vivotif oral)
  • Injectable, synthetic (Typhim Vi/Typherix)
  • Combined with Hepatitis A (Vivaxim)

Schedule

  • Oral (refrigerated):
    Three capsules at 0, 3, 5 days confers protection for three years.
  • Injection:
    Single dose gives 3 years protection.

Level of protection

  • Oral vaccine provides about 75% protection; food and water precautions are important.
  • Injectable vaccine offers ~84% protection; food and water precautions are important.

Possible Side effects

Usually infrequent and mild:

  • Injection:
    Fever and headache (9% of recipients)
    Redness, soreness, swelling and itching around the injection site.
    General malaise.
  • Oral:
    Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea and rashes.

As with all vaccines, there is a small risk of allergic reaction.

Where can I get a Typhoid Fever vaccination?

If you require vaccination against Typhoid Fever, head to a Travelvax clinic near you. Staffed by trained professionals who have access to state-of-the-art equipment, we can help keep you safe on your next trip.

More information on Typhoid fever is available during your pre-travel consultation with Travelvax.

Call 1300 360 164 for the location of the clinic nearest to you.